换源

通常情况下,Ubuntu的软件源都是国外的,下载和更新的时候都特别慢,所以需要换成国内的。以163为例子,vim /etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ wily-backports main restricted universe multiverse

系统优化工具

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sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak
sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool

更改主题的话。可以把图标文件可以安装在/usr/share/themes中,也可以安装在~/.themes中

安装chrome

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wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb#36
wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb#64
dpkg -i goog tab

安装geany,sublime编辑器

sudo apt-get install geany
sublime需要自己下载,然后tar就行了

更改语言

(中文的终端看起来十分别扭)

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sudo vi /etc/default/locale
#中文LANG="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LANGUAGE="zh_CN:zh"
#英文 LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
LANGUAGE="en_US:en"

安装搜狗

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sudo add-apt-repository ppa:fcitx-team/nightly
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install fcitx

然后直接双击安装下载的deb包就行了

美化方面可以参考https://github.com/lijianying10/FixLinux/blob/master/prob/MacTheme.md